Cannabinoids - are compounds found in cannabis. The most notable cannabinoid is the phytocannabinoid tetrahydrocannabinol, the primary psychoactive compound in cannabis.
Terpenes - are naturally occurring chemical compounds found in plants. In terms of cannabis, terpenes are what make certain strains smell or taste different from others.
TYPES OF CANNABIS
Sativa is another classification of marijuana strains. The leaves of this subspecies of marijuana plant are lighter in color and narrower than their counterparts. Cannabis made from these plants is associated with a stimulating effect that gives users a buzz.
Sativas are known for their “head high,” an invigorating, energizing effect that can help reduce anxiety or stress and increase creativity and focus.
Indica is a classification of marijuana known for its relaxing and therapeutic qualities. Scientifically, indica is referred to as Cannabis indica, and these strains can offer sleepiness and relief to those suffering from chronic pain. Indica strains can also promote appetite and reduce nausea.
Indicas are typically associated with full-body effects, such as increasing deep relaxation and reducing insomnia.
Hybrid cannabis strains are created by crossing a Sativa and an Indica together. Sometimes, hybrids are formed from three or more different strains. Sometimes a hybrid cannabis strain will be Indica-dominant or Sativa-dominant. Other times, it can be an almost even combination of the two.
WAYS TO CONSUME CANNABIS
There are four main methods of ingesting marijuana: inhalation, oral, sublingual, and topical. Each method has unique characteristics that make it more or less appropriate for some consumers. Below is an overview of the various methods of ingestion and their risks and benefits.
Inhalation is the fastest method of delivery to the consumer. Most consumers prefer using marijuana this way. When a consumer inhales marijuana, the majority of cannabinoids enter the body through the lungs where they are passed along directly into the consumer’s blood stream. The effect is almost instantaneous.
Marijuana can also be ingested orally. This can be in the form of edibles, tinctures, capsules or oils. The onset for oral ingestion is slower and the effects are stronger and last longer than with inhalation. People who consume marijuana orally usually report feeling the effects within thirty minutes to one hour or longer, with peak effects around the two hour mark and total duration of effects ranging as long as six hours.
Marijuana can also enter the blood stream when placed under the tongue and held in the mouth; within the mouth there are a large number of blood vessels which can absorb cannabinoids. Common examples of these type of products include dissolvable strips, sublingual sprays, or medicated lozenges or tinctures.